Abstract of FKI-204-95

Document-Name:  fki-204-95.ps.gz
Title:		Neuronale Lernverfahren zur Modellierung der Semantik
                spatialer Ausdrücke - Stand der Forschung und Entwicklung 
                neuerer Forschungsansätze
Authors:	Gabriele Scheler 
Revision-Date:	1994/28/09 
Category:	Technical Report (Forschungsberichte Künstliche Intelligenz)
Abstract:	For several years there has been a strong interest in 
                computational models, which use the adaptivity, learning 
                ability and fault tolerance of artifical neural networks.
                This is also increasingly becoming applied to the modelling 
                of language functions, such as lexical disambiguation, 
                syntax-semantics mapping or syntactic parsing.
                These models have reached a level, where they are applicable 
                to real world problems and allow to use textual corpora for 
                evaluation. In this article, we give an overview  
                on the state of the art in the application of neuronal 
                learning procedures to linguistic problems, specifically 
                problems of syntax-semantics mapping, including a motivation 
                for using neural nets or similar learning techniques
                instead of the still prevalent rule-based systems.
                Finally a detailed model for the learning of a syntax-semantics
                mapping function is developed, which is directed at inter-
                pretation and generation of spatial expressions, and possible 
                applications in the area of grammar checking and machine 
                translation are being discussed.
Keywords:	semantics, corpus-based linguistic analysis, connectionist
		linguistics, spatial expressions
Size:		20 pages
Language:       German	
ISSN:		0941-6358
Copyright:	The ``Forschungsberichte Künstliche Intelligenz''
		series includes primarily preliminary publications,
		specialized partial results, and supplementary
		material. In the interest of a subsequent final
		publication these reports should not be copied. All
		rights and the responsability for the contents of the
		report are with the authors, which would appreciate
		critical comments.

Gerhard Weiss