Abstract of FKI-197-94

Document-Name:  fki-197-94.ps.gz
Title:		Algorithmic Art
Authors:	Juergen Schmidhuber 
Revision-Date:	1994/09/30 
Category:	Report (Forschungsberichte Künstliche Intelligenz)
Abstract:	Many artists try to depict  ``the essence''  of objects to
                be represented. In an  attempt to  formalize  certain aspects
                of the  ``the  essence'', I propose an  art form called  
                algorithmic art. It is based on concepts from algorithmic 
                information theory. Suppose the task is to draw a given object.
                Usually there are many ways of doing so. The goal of 
                algorithmic art is to draw the object such that the drawing 
                can be specified by an algorithm and two properties hold: 
                (1) The drawing should ``look right''. (2) the Kolmo-
                gorov complexity  of the drawing  should be small (the 
                algorithm should be short), and a  typical observer  should 
                be able  to see this.  Examples of algorithmic art are  given 
                in form of ``algorithmically simple'' cartoons of various 
                objects, including a pin-up girl and a weight lifter. Relations
                to previous work are established. Finally, attempts are made 
                to relate the formalism of the theory of minimum description 
                length to  informal notions like ``good artistic style'' and
                ``beauty''.
Keywords:	Algorithmic art, fine arts, Kolmogorov complexity, 
                algorithmic information, beauty, attractiveness, circles,
                fractals.
Size:		19 pages
Language:	English
ISSN:		0941-6358
Copyright:	The ``Forschungsberichte Künstliche Intelligenz''
		series includes primarily preliminary publications,
		specialized partial results, and supplementary
		material. In the interest of a subsequent final
		publication these reports should not be copied. All
		rights and the responsability for the contents of the
		report are with the authors, which would appreciate
		critical comments.







Gerhard Weiss